On 20.02.1979, Constitution of Shari at Benches of Superior Courts Ordinance, 1979, (Ordinance XXIV of 1979) promulgated. In fact, it is considered to be a first step to establish Azad Jammu and Kashmir Shari at Court. The powers were conferred upon the High Court of Azad Jammu and Kashmir under sectoin 4(1) of the said Ordinance, the High Court may, on petitons of a State subject of Azad Jammu and Kashmir or the Government or the Council, to examine and decide the question whether or not any law or provision of law is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of the Holy Phrophet. But later on, with the passage of time prompt need was desired by the Government to establish a separate Court. Under Act IX of 1993 ( which existed as an Ordinance, 1980, and 1982 (Ordinance CXXI of 1982) and Ordinance, 1991 (Ordinance IX of 1991) before it) a separate Shari at Court was established to be composed of two Judges with the tenure of three years was fixed in the Shari at Court. Through an amendment in the Act XVI of 1995, the President was authorized to appoint a Judge of the High Court or Chief Justice. Later on, the situation changed and by the amendment in Ordinance No. XL of 1997, the Chief Justice of the High Court was designated to be the Chief Justice of the Shari at Court and the President was authorized to appoint any person qualified to be a judge of the High Court as Judge of Shariat Court. Consequently number of Judges was increased from two to three in the Shariat Court on 31.07.1999. By another amendment through Ordinance XVII of 2014 in sub-section 2 of Section 3 of Act IX of 1993 and on 09.02.2016, other amendments (which are discussed in detailed hereinafter) have been made in the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Shariat Court Act, 1993 (Act IX of 1993). Shariat Court shall consist of the Chief Justice and two or more Muslim Judges to be appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Justice of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and the Chief Justice of Shariat Court. On commencement of Ordirnances dated 22.05.2017 all the cases were shifted to High Court except Shariat Petitions. But later on, Ordinances were sbustituted into Acts and all the cases which were earlier shifted to High Court again trasferred to Shariat Appellate Bench of the High Court.